Since anthropology deals with simple societies, so preparation for
anthropology is easy, scoring and less time consuming .Theoretically,
anthropology is the comparative study of all societies – tribal, peasant and
modern but practically, anthropological preference is the study of simple
tribal societies and preference of sociology is the study of modern society.
In sociology, since the issues and problems of modern society are complex ,
answering questions in limited space provided in questions-cum- answer
booklet requires not only the clear concept of the issue but command of
language and analytical skills. Further, theoretical concerns- Marxist versus
weberian is also a problem in sociology.
On the other hand, anthropological preference for
small scale societies is beneficial for scoring high marks in anthropology.
Analyzing previous year’s questions asked in civil service, more questions
have been asked regarding hunting and food-gathering tribe and its variant
(P.T.G.),then on shifting cultivator and less on agriculturist tribes. The
question relating to hunting and food gathering tribes has been asked in
1981, 1988, 1997, 2011 and questions relating to primitive tribal group
(P.T.G.) in the year 2008 and 2014. The high frequency of questions from
small-scale hunting societies and P.T.G shows that the focus of
anthropology is still on simplest tribes in harsh environment. These
simplest tribes are proto-type societies, their social, economic, political and
cultural system is simple and limited. As a result the preparation of
anthropology is easy, less time consuming and scoring.